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Battle of Gettysburg    

Other Names: None

Location: Adams County

Date(s): July 1-3, 1863

Commanders: Maj. Gen. George G. Meade [US]; Gen. Robert E. Lee [CS]

Forces Engaged: 158,300 total (US 83,289; CS 75,054)

Estimated Casualties: 51,000 total (US 23,000; CS 28,000)

Description: Gen. Robert E. Lee concentrated his full strength against Maj. Gen. George G. Meades Army of the Potomac at the crossroads county seat of Gettysburg. On July 1, Confederate forces converged on the town from west and north, driving Union defenders back through the streets to Cemetery Hill. During the night, reinforcements arrived for both sides. On July 2, Lee attempted to envelop the Federals, first striking the Union left flank at the Peach Orchard, Wheatfield, Devils Den, and the Round Tops with Longstreets and Hills divisions, and then attacking the Union right at Culps and East Cemetery Hills with Ewells divisions. By evening, the Federals retained Little Round Top and had repulsed most of Ewells men. During the morning of July 3, the Confederate infantry were driven from their last toe-hold on Culps Hill. In the afternoon, after a preliminary artillery bombardment, Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge. The Pickett-Pettigrew assault (more popularly, Picketts Charge) momentarily pierced the Union line but was driven back with severe casualties. Stuarts cavalry attempted to gain the Union rear but was repulsed. On July 4, Lee began withdrawing his army toward Williamsport on the Potomac River. His train of wounded stretched more than fourteen miles.

Result(s): Union victory

Battle of Hanover  

Other Names: None

Location: York County

Date(s): June 30, 1863

Commanders: Brig. Gen. H. Judson Kilpatrick [US]; Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart [CS]

Forces Engaged: Brigades

Estimated Casualties: 330 total

Description:   Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuarts cavalry, which was riding north to get around the Union army, attacked a Union cavalry regiment, driving it through the streets of Hanover. Brig. Gen. Farnsworths brigade arrived and counterattacked, routing the Confederate vanguard and nearly capturing Stuart himself. Stuart counterattacked. Reinforced by Brig. Gen. George A. Custers brigade, Farnsworth held his ground, and a stalemate ensued. Stuart was forced to continue north and east to get around the Union cavalry, further delaying his attempt to rejoin Lees army which was then concentrating at Cashtown Gap west of Gettysburg.

Result(s): Inconclusive